الجمعة، 18 مارس، 2011

أمه ستغضب إن لم يحتفل بعيد الأم His mother will be angry if he does not celebrate Mother’s Day



أمه ستغضب إن لم يحتفل بعيد الأم
 

His mother will be angry if he does not celebrate Mother’s Day
 
 
لدي صديق من أحد البلاد العربية وفي تلك البلد عيد الأم لديهم رسمي ، وهو يحتفل مع إخوته وأخواته من أجل أمهم ، وهو الآن يريد أن يقطع هذا الشيء ، ولكن أمه ستغضب منه لأنها تعودت على هذا الشيء وأصبح عادة عندهم في بلادهم ، وهو خائف أن تغضب منه أمه وتحمل عليه إلى أن تموت ولا ترضى ، حاول إقناعها بأن هذا حرام وبالحكمة ولكنها لم تقتنع للجو العام في بلدهم ، ماذا يفعل ؟ أفيدونا يرحمكم الله  .
الحمد لله 

الاحتفال بعيد الأم من الأمور المحدثة التي لم يفعلها النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم ولا أصحابه رضي الله عنهم، وهو كذلك من التشبه بالكفار الذين أُمِرْنا بمخالفتهم، ولهذا لا يجوز الاحتفال به، ولا تطاع الأم في ذلك، لقول النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم : ( لَا طَاعَةَ فِي مَعْصِيَةٍ ، إِنَّمَا الطَّاعَةُ فِي الْمَعْرُوفِ ) رواه البخاري (7257) ومسلم (1840) . 

وليستمر في برها والإحسان إليها ، وإقناعها بأن هذا الاحتفال من البدع المحدثة ، وقد قال النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم : ( وشَرُّ الْأُمُورِ مُحْدَثَاتُهَا ، وَكُلُّ بِدْعَةٍ ضَلَالَةٌ ) رواه مسلم (867) والنسائي (1578) وزاد : ( وَكُلُّ ضَلَالَةٍ فِي النَّارِ ) .
ثم إن الأم لها حق الاحترام والإكرام ، والبر والصلة ، طول العام ، فما معنى تخصيص إكرامها بيوم معين ؟! 

ثم إن هذه البدعة لم تأت إلينا إلا من المجتمعات التي انتشر فيها العقوق ، ولم تجد فيه الأمهات والآباء من ملجأ غير دور الرعاية ، حيث البعد والقطيعة والألم ، فظنوا أن إكرامها في يومٍ يمحو إثمَ عقوقِها في بقية السنة ! 

أما نحن أمة الإسلام فقد أُمرنا بالبر والصلة ، ونهينا عن العقوق ، وأُعطيت الأم في ديننا ما لم تعطه في شريعة قط ، حتى كان حقها مقدما على حق الأب ، كما روى البخاري (5514) ومسلم (4621) عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ قَالَ : جَاءَ رَجُلٌ إِلَى رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ فَقَالَ : يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ، مَنْ أَحَقُّ النَّاسِ بِحُسْنِ صَحَابَتِي ؟ قَالَ : أُمُّكَ . قَالَ : ثُمَّ مَنْ ؟ قَالَ : ثُمَّ أُمُّكَ . قَالَ : ثُمَّ مَنْ ؟ قَالَ : ثُمَّ أُمُّكَ . قَالَ : ثُمَّ مَنْ ؟ قَالَ : ثُمَّ أَبُوكَ . 

ولا ينقطع بِرُّ الأم حتى بعد وفاتها ، فهي مُكَرَّمَةٌ حال الحياة ، وحال الممات ، وذلك بالصلاة عليها والاستغفار لها ، وإنفاذ وصيتها ، وإكرام أهلها وأصدقائها .
فلنتمسك بهذا الدين العظيم ، ولنلتزم آدابه وأحكامه ، ففيه الهدى ، والكفاية ، والرحمة . 

قال الشيخ علي محفوظ رحمه الله مبينا ما في هذا الاحتفال من مشابهة الكفار :
" وبيانا لخطورة الاحتفال بغير الأعياد الإسلامية : قد أخبر النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم أن أقواما أو فئاما من أمته سيتبعون أهل الكتاب في بعض شعائرهم وعاداتهم ، كما جاء في حديث أبي سعيد الخدري رضي الله عنه عن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم قال : (لَتَتْبَعُنَّ سَنَنَ مَنْ كَانَ قَبْلَكُمْ ، شِبْرًا شِبْرًا ، وَذِرَاعًا بِذِرَاعٍ ، حَتَّى لَوْ دَخَلُوا جُحْرَ ضَبٍّ تَبِعْتُمُوهُمْ . قُلْنَا : يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ، الْيَهُودُ وَالنَّصَارَى ؟ قَالَ : فَمَنْ ؟! ) أخرجه البخاري ومسلم . . . . فحبُّ التقليد ، وإن كان موجوداً في النفوس ، إلا أنه ممقوت شرعا إذا كان المقلَّد يخالفنا في اعتقاده وفكره ، خاصة فيما يكون التقليد فيه عَقَدِيّاً أو تعبُّديا أو يكون شعارا أو عادة ، ولما ضعف المسلمون في هذا الزمان ؛ ازدادت تبعيتهم لأعدائهم ، وراجت كثير من المظاهر الغربية سواء كانت أنماطا استهلاكية أو تصرفات سلوكية . ومن هذه المظاهر الاهتمام بعيد الأم" انتهى. 

وسئل الشيخ محمد بن صالح بن عثيمين رحمه الله عن الاحتفال بعيد الأم فأجاب قائلا : 

" إن كل الأعياد التي تخالف الأعياد الشرعية كلها أعياد بدع حادثة ، لم تكن معروفة في عهد السلف الصالح ، وربما يكون منشؤها من غير المسلمين أيضا ، فيكون فيها مع البدعة مشابهة أعداء الله سبحانه وتعالى ، والأعياد الشرعية معروفة عند أهل الإسلام ؛ وهي عيد الفطر ، وعيد الأضحى ، وعيد الأسبوع " يوم الجمعة " ، وليس في الإسلام أعياد سوى هذه الأعياد الثلاثة ، وكل أعياد أحدثت سوى ذلك فإنها مردودة على محدثيها ، وباطلة في شريعة الله سبحانه وتعالى لقول النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم : ( مَنْ أَحْدَثَ فِي أَمْرِنَا هَذَا مَا لَيْسَ مِنْهُ فَهُوَ رَدٌّ ) . أي مردود عليه ، غير مقبول عند الله . وفي لفظ : (مَنْ عَمِلَ عَمَلًا لَيْسَ عَلَيْهِ أَمْرُنَا فَهُوَ رَدٌّ ) . 

وإذا تبين ذلك فإنه لا يجوز في العيد الذي ذكر في السؤال والمسمى عيد الأم ، لا يجوز فيه إحداث شيء من شعائر العيد ؛ كإظهار الفرح والسرور وتقديم الهدايا وما أشبه ذلك . 

والواجب على المسلم أن يعتز بدينه ويفتخر به وأن يقتصر على ما حده الله تعالى ورسوله صلى الله عليه وسلم في هذا الدين القيم الذي ارتضاه الله تعالى لعباده فلا يزيد فيه ولا ينقص منه ، والذي ينبغي للمسلم أيضا ألا يكون إمَّعَةً يتبع كلَّ ناعق ، بل ينبغي أن يكون شخصيته بمقتضى شريعة الله تعالى ، حتى يكون متبوعا لا تابعا ، وحتى يكون أسوة لا متأسيا ، لأن شريعة الله - والحمد لله - كاملة من جميع الوجوه كما قال الله تعالى : ( الْيَوْمَ أَكْمَلْتُ لَكُمْ دِينَكُمْ وَأَتْمَمْتُ عَلَيْكُمْ نِعْمَتِي وَرَضِيتُ لَكُمُ الإِسْلامَ دِيناً ) المائدة/3 .


والأم أحق من أن يحتفى بها يوما واحدا في السنة ، بل الأم لها الحق على أولادها أن يرعوها ، وأن يعتنوا بها ، وأن يقوموا بطاعتها في غير معصية الله عز وجل في كل زمان ومكان " . انتهى من "مجموع فتاوى الشيخ ابن عثيمين" (2/301) .
وانظر : السؤال رقم (10070) . 

والله أعلم .

الإسلام سؤال وجواب


هنا 

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His mother will be angry if he does not celebrate Mother’s Day
 
I have a friend from one of the Arab countries, and in that country Mother’s Day is an official holiday, which he celebrates with his brothers and sisters because of their mother. Now he wants to stop doing that, but his mother will be angry because she has become accustomed to this thing and it has become a tradition in their country. He is afraid that his mother will be angry with him and will bear a grudge against him until she dies not pleased with him. He has tried to convince her that it is haraam and why, but she is not convinced because of the atmosphere in their country. What should he do? Please advise us, may Allaah bless you.

Praise be to Allaah. 
 
Celebrating Mother’s Day is an innovated matter which the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and his companions (may Allaah be pleased with them) did not do. It is also an imitation of the kuffaar from whom we have been commanded to differ. 

Hence it is not permissible to celebrate it or to obey one's mother in that, because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “There is no obedience if it involves sin; obedience is only in that which is right and proper.” Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 7257; Muslim, 1840. 

He should continue to honour her and treat her with kindness, and keep trying to convince her that this celebration is a newly invented innovation. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “The worst of matters are those which are newly-invented, and every innovation is a going-astray.” Narrated by Muslim, 867; al-Nasaa’i, 1578. Al-Nasaa’i’s report adds the words: “And every going astray will be in the Fire.” 
The mother is entitled to respect and honour, and upholding of the ties of kinship throughout her life, so what is the point of singling out a particular day to honour her? 

Moreover, this innovation has come to us from societies in which disobedience towards parents is widespread, in which mothers and fathers can find no refuge except old people’s homes, where they are left alone and no one visit them, and they spend their time in pain and sorrow. So they think that honouring their mothers for one day will erase the sin of their disobedience towards her during the rest of the year. 

But we Muslims have been commanded to honour our parents and uphold the ties of kinship, and we have been forbidden to disobey our parents. In our religion mothers have been given something which has not been given to them in any other religion; the mother’s rights take precedence over those of the father, as al-Bukhaari (5514) and Muslim (4621) narrated that Abu Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: A man came to the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and said: “O Messenger of Allaah, who is most deserving of my good company?” He said: “Your mother.” He said: “Then who?” He said: “Your mother.” He said: “Then who?” He said: “Your mother.” He said: “Then who?” He said: “Then your father.” 

Honouring one's mother does not come to an end even when she dies, for she is honoured in life and in death. That is done by offering the funeral prayer for her, praying for forgiveness for her, carrying out her last wishes and honouring her family and friends. 

Let us adhere to this great religion and follow its etiquettes and rulings, for in it is sufficient guidance and mercy. 
Shaykh ‘Ali Mahfouz (may Allaah have mercy on him) said, explaining how this celebration (Mother’s Day) is an imitation of the kuffaar: 

Explaining the seriousness of celebrating festivals other than the Islamic Eids, the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) stated that some peoples or groups in his ummah would follow the People of the Book in some of their rituals and traditions, as is narrated in the hadeeth of Abu Sa’eed al-Khudri (may Allaah be pleased with him), who said that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “They will follow the ways of those who came before them, handspan by handspan, cubit by cubit, until even if they entered a lizard’s hole they will follow them.” We said: “O Messenger of Allaah, (do you mean) the Jews and Christians?” He said: “Who else?” Narrated by al-Bukhaari and Muslim… 

Love of imitation, even if it is something that exists in people’s hearts, is forbidden in sharee’ah if the one who is being imitated differs from us in his beliefs and thinking, especially is what is being imitated is religious beliefs or acts of worship, or it is a ritual or tradition. When the Muslims became weak in this time, their imitation of their enemies became more widespread and many western traditions and customs became widespread, whether that has to do with consumer goods or attitudes and behaviour. One of these customs is the celebration of Mother’s Day. End quote. 

Shaykh Muhamamd ibn Saalih ibn ‘Uthaymeen (may Allaah have mercy on him) was asked about celebrating Mother’s Day and he replied: 

All celebrations which differ from the Eids prescribed in Islam are innovated festivals which were not known at the time of the righteous salaf, and may also have come from the non-Muslims, in which case as well as being an innovation (bid’ah) they are also an imitation of the enemies of Allaah. The festivals which are prescribed in Islam are well known to the Muslims: they are Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha, and the weekly “Eid” of Jumu’ah. There is no other festival in Islam apart from these three. All the festivals that have been invented apart from these are to be rejected because they are innovations and are false according to the laws of Allaah, because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Whoever introduces anything into this matter of ours that is not part of it will have it rejected,” i.e., it will be thrown back at him and will not be accepted by Allaah. According to another version: “Whoever does any deed that is not part of this matter of ours will have it rejected.” 
Once this is clear, then it is not permissible to show any of the signs of festivity on the celebration mentioned in the question, namely Mother’s Day. It is not permissible to show joy and happiness, or to offer gifts, and so on. 

The Muslim should feel proud of his religion and adhere to the limits set by Allaah and His Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) in this religion, which Allaah has chosen for His slaves, and he should not add anything or take anything away. What the Muslim should also do is to not to follow every new idea that comes along, rather his character should be in accordance with the sharee’ah of Allaah so that he will be a leader and example, not a follower, because the sharee’ah of Allaah – praise be to Allaah – is complete in all ways as Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): 

“This day, I have perfected your religion for you, completed My Favour upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion”
[al-Maa'idah 5:3] 
A mother’s right is greater than having just one day in the year to be honoured, rather the mother’s right over her children is that they should take care of her and obey her, so long as it does not involve disobedience towards Allaah, at all times and in all places. 

Majmoo’ Fataawa al-Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen, 2/301 
See also question no. 10070
And Allaah knows best.

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