الخميس، 16 ديسمبر، 2010



صاحب المصنع يغش في المكيال فهل يستمر في العمل معه؟
أعمل في مصنع لصناعة الحليب ومشتقاته ومنذ الأزمة التي

طرأت على المادة الأولية في صناعة الحليب بدأ صاحب 

المصنع بخفض الكمية حيث إنه حسب المعايير 

الدولية يجب وضع 1030 غرام أي ما يعادل 1 لتر ولكن 

منذ تلك الأزمة أصبح يضع 1000 غرام عوضاً عن 1030 غرام

بالرغم من تدعيم الدولة له بالمادة الأولية . ولكن في حالة 

وجود الرقابة يطلب من العمال الرجوع إلى المكيال 

الأول أي 1030 غرام . 

السؤال: أولاً: هل يجوز هذا الفعل؟ 

ثانياً: هل يجوز العمل في هذه الحالة ؟ 

في حالة عدم الجواز هل أترك العمل مباشرة أم أتريث حتى أجد عملاً آخر؟ 
 
الجواب :
الحمد لله
 
قيام المصنع بوضع 1000 غرام بدلاً من 1030 غرام هو


من الغش محرم ، والغش من كبائر الذنوب ؛

لقوله صلى الله عليه وسلم : (مَنْ غَشَّ فَلَيْسَ مِنِّي) رواه مسلم (101) .


ولا يجوز للعامل أن يفعل ذلك ولو أمره بذلك صاحب 


المصنع ؛ لأنه لا طاعة لمخلوق في معصية الخالق ، 

لقول النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم :

(لَا طَاعَةَ فِي مَعْصِيَةٍ ، إِنَّمَا الطَّاعَةُ فِي الْمَعْرُوفِ
رواه البخاري (7257) ومسلم (1840) ، 


وقوله : (لَا طَاعَةَ لِمَخْلُوقٍ فِي مَعْصِيَةِ اللَّهِ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ
رواه أحمد (1098) . 


والواجب نصح صاحب المصنع وتذكيره بحرمة الغش ، وخطر


أكل المال الحرام ، فإن استجاب فالحمد لله ، وإن أصر لم يجز 

لك المشاركة في الغش ، فإن أمكن عملك دون مباشرة للحرام

أو إعانة عليه ، جاز لك البقاء حتى تجد عملا آخر ، تسلم 

فيه من رؤية المنكر ومصاحبة أهله .

وإذا لم يمكن العمل إلا بالمشاركة في الغش ، لم يجز لك البقاء 


في المصنع ، بل تدع العمل ، وتبحث عن عمل آخر ، وستجد إن

شاء الله ، فإن الله تعالى تكفل لمن اتقاه بالمخرج والرزق الحسن .

قال تعالى : (وَمَنْ يَتَّقِ اللَّهَ يَجْعَلْ لَهُ مَخْرَجاً وَيَرْزُقْهُ مِنْ

حَيْثُ لا يَحْتَسِبُ وَمَنْ يَتَوَكَّلْ عَلَى اللَّهِ فَهُوَ حَسْبُهُ إِنَّ اللَّهَ

بَالِغُ أَمْرِهِ قَدْ جَعَلَ اللَّهُ لِكُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدْراً) الطلاق/2 ، 3 .

وقال صلى الله عليه وسلم : (إِنَّكَ لَنْ تَدَعَ شَيْئًا اتِّقَاءَ اللَّهِ عَزَّ 


وَجَلَّ إِلَّا أَعْطَاكَ اللَّهُ خَيْرًا مِنْهُ
 رواه أحمد (20739) وصححه شعيب الأرنؤوط في تحقيق المسند .

والله أعلم .

الإسلام سؤال وجواب


هنا 

*.*.*.*.*.*.*.* 



The owner of the factory is cheating in weights and 
 
 measures; should he carry on working with him?
I work in a factory that produces milk and milk products. Since the crisis that affected raw materials used in milk production, the owner of the factory began to reduce the amounts. According to international standards we should put 1030 grams, i.e., the equivalent of 1 litre, but since that crisis he puts 1000 grams instead of 1030, even though the state supports him with raw materials. But when he is being watched he asks his employees to go back to the original amount, i.e., 1030 grams.  My question is: Firstly: is this action permissible?  Secondly: is it permissible to work in this case?  If it is not permissible, should I leave this job straightaway or should I wait until I find another job?.
Praise be to Allaah.
 
The factory putting 1000 grams instead of 1030 grams is a kind of cheating and is haraam. Cheating is a major sin, because the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “Whoever deceives is not of me.” Narrated by Muslim (101). 

It is not permissible for the worker to do that even if the owner of the factory instructs him to do it, because there is no obedience to any created being if it involves disobedience towards the Creator, because the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “There is no obedience if it involves disobedience towards Allaah; obedience is only in that which is right and proper.” Narrated by al-Bukhaari (7257) and Muslim (1840). And he said: “There is no obedience to any created being if it involves disobedience towards Allah, may He be glorified and exalted.” Narrated by Ahmad (1089). 

What is required is to advise the owner of the factory and remind him that cheating is haraam, as well as reminding him of the seriousness of consuming haraam wealth. If he responds, praise be to Allah, but if he persists it is not permissible for you to take part in that cheating. If you can do your work without being involved in haraam actions directly or helping in them, then it is permissible to stay until you find another job in which you will be free from sin and evil and keeping company with those who do it. 

But if you cannot work without being directly involved in cheating, then it is not permissible to you to stay in the factory; rather you should give up the job and look for another job, and you will find one in sha Allah. Allah guarantees to the one who fears Him that He will grant him a way out and goodly provision. Allah, may He be exalted, says (interpretation of the meaning):
“And whosoever fears Allaah and keeps his duty to Him, He will make a way for him to get out (from every difficulty).

3. And He will provide him from (sources) he never could imagine. And whosoever puts his trust in Allaah, then He will suffice him. Verily, Allaah will accomplish his purpose. Indeed Allaah has set a measure for all things”
[al-Talaaq 65:2-3] 
And the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “You will never give up something, fearing Allah, may He be glorified and exalted, but Allah will give you something better than it.”
Narrated by Ahmad (20739); classed as saheeh by Shu‘ayb al-Arna’oot in Tahqeeq al-Musnad. 
And Allah knows best.

Islam Q&A